The context of leadership can be simple or complex.
If you're at the top of the hierarchy, your world has a pyramid structure such that others depend on you.
But most often, leaders operate in networks.
That means that conflict of interests occurs, your world has then a spaghetti bowl structure.
There are mutual dependencies building your network.
So you can not just give orders and check that your hierarchical subalterns apply your problem solution.
In such unstructured problem, there is not a right solution but a set of solutions influenced by:
- your cultural background
- your political views
The dynamic in the network increases the unstructured effect:
- one stakeholder may gain power position
- one stakeholder could lose power position
- new stakeholder could suddenly emerge
So applying a project management plan in a such changing world is unsuitable.
In the end, you have to search for an alternative leadership.